It was established in 1958 with intention to popularize Polish archaeology abroad by publishing translations of the most important papers which previously were published in Polish in journals edited by the Institute, mostly in "Archeologia Polski". Until 1990 the journal was published by the Ossolineum Publishing House.

Editors in this first period of the existence of the journal were:

  • 1958-1962 (vol. I-V) - Aleksander Gieysztor, Witold Hensel and Kazimierz Majewski
  • 1964 (vol. VI) - Aleksander Gieysztor and Witold Hensel
  • 1964-1968 (vol. VII-X) - Aleksander Gieysztor, Witold Hensel and Kazimierz Majewski
  • 1969 (vol. XI) - Witold Hensel and Kazimierz Majewski
  • 1970-1990 (vol. XII-XXVIII) - Witold Hensel
  • 1991-2011 - Zbigniew Kobyliński
  • 2011-2013 - Mateusz Bogucki
  • 2013-2017 - Aleksandra Rzeszotarska-Nowakiewicz
  • 2017 - Dagmara H. Werra

The editorial policy changed in 1991 and now the journal publishes original contributions collected in monothematic volumes devoted to specific questions, especially those central to Polish archaeology.

Since 1991 Zbigniew Kobyliński has been the journal's editor, but certain volumes were also co-edited by various invited scholars, both Polish and foreign. Contributions from abroad were and are welcomed. Volumes published during these 17 years were devoted to important fields of archaeological research, such as archaeometry, archaeological prospecting, environmental studies and use of scientific analyses in archaeology, pottery studies and research on flint mining, as well as to crucial theoretical concepts, such as the concept of archaeological culture and the concept of ethnicity in archaeology. Some of the volumes were devoted to the history of archaeological theory, as well as to relations between Polish archaeology and the archaeologies of neighbouring countries. Relations between archaeology, historiography and anthropology, as well as problems of archaeological heritage management were also subjects of separate issues.

  • Vol. 29 (1991): Ethnicity (edited by Zbigniew Kobyliński)
  • Vol. 30 (1992): Pottery as information (edited by Andrzej Buko and Zbigniew Kobyliński)
  • Vol. 31 (1993): Archaeometry (edited by Tomasz Herbich and Zbigniew Kobyliński)
  • Vol. 32 (1994): Origins of Medieval towns in Temperate Europe (edited by Przemysław Urbańczyk)
  • Vol. 33 (1995): Flint mining (edited by Zbigniew Kobyliński and Jacek Lech)
  • Vol. 34 (1996): The concept of archaeological cultures (edited by Bożena Wyszomirska-Werbart and Paul Barford)
  • Vol. 35-36 (1997-1998): Archaeology in the 20th century. Ideas - people - research (edited by Jacek Lech)
  • Vol. 37 (1999): Archaeology and ecology (edited by Bogusław Gediga and Zbigniew Kobyliński)
  • Vol. 38 (2000): Archaeological heritage management (edited by Zbigniew Kobyliński)
  • Vol. 39 (2001): Archaeology and archaeological science (edited by Arkadiusz Marciniak, Johannes Müller and Włodzimierz Rączkowski)
  • Vol. 40 (2002): Polish archaeology in an international context (edited by Zbigniew Kobyliński)
  • Vol. 41 (2003): Archaeological prospection (edited by Tomasz Herbich)
  • Vol. 42 (2004): Neighbours: Polish-German relations in archaeology. Part 1 - to 1945 (edited by Jacek Lech)
  • Vol. 43 (2005): Neighbours: Polish-German relations in archaeology. Part 2 - after 1945 (edited by Zbigniew Kobyliński)
  • Vol. 44 (2006): Archaeology - anthropology - history. Parallel tracks and divergences (edited by Dorota Cyngot, Stanisław Tabaczyński and Anna Zalewska)
  • Vol. 45 (2007): Glass and silver (edited by Tadeusz Baranowski and Teresa Stawiarska)
  • Vol. 46 (2008): Archaeometry of pottery and glass (edited by Urszula Kobylińska and Zbigniew Kobyliński)
  • Vol. 47 (2009): Profiles of archaeologists of the twentieth century dedicated to the memory of Andrew Sherrat (edited by Jacek Lech, Wojciech Piotrowski and Pamela Jane Smith)
  • Vol. 49: 2011 (2013): Geoarchaeology in Poland (edited by Fabian Welc and Barbara Woronko)
  • Vol. 51-52: 2013-2014 (2016): Archaeology of Children and Childhood (edited by Paulina Romanowicz and Aleksandra Rzeszotarska-Nowakiewicz)
  • Vol. 53: 2015: Archaeological Prospection (edited by Tomasz Herbich and Iwona Zych)
  • Vol. 54: 2016: Investigating Geochemical and Petrographic Methods for Identifying Siliceous Rocks in Archaeology (edited by Dagmara H. Werra and Richard E. Hughes)
  • Vol. 55: 2017: Special Theme: Pottery and glass in contemporary studies (edited by Krystian Chrzan, Sylwia Siemianowska, Paweł Rzeźnik, Aleksandra Rzeszotarska-Nowakiewicz)