Sprawozdania Archeologiczne http://iaepan.vot.pl/czasopisma/index.php/sprawozdaniaarcheologiczne <p>ISSN <strong>0081-3834</strong> <br>Articles are published in the following languages: <strong>English, German</strong><br>Frequency of publishing: <strong>annual</strong></p> Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk en-US Sprawozdania Archeologiczne 0081-3834 Recent Developments in the Archaeology of the Pomeranian-Prussian borderland in the Early Middle Ages. The case of the settlement complex in Węgry, northern Poland http://iaepan.vot.pl/czasopisma/index.php/sprawozdaniaarcheologiczne/article/view/125 <p>Between the late 8<sup>th</sup> and the turn of the 12<sup>th </sup>and 13<sup>th</sup> centuries territories eastern of the lower Vistula valley represented a borderland between eastern Pomerania and Prussia. The frontier area was a zone generally uninhabited at least until the turn of the 8<sup>th</sup> and 9<sup>th</sup> centuries. Since then colonization from both sides (Pomeranian and Prussian) started. Significant changes in the colonization of the investigated area may be dated back to the 11<sup>th</sup> century, when a large settlement complex in Węgry was established. The centre developed approximately in the mid-11<sup>th</sup> century in the area between Żuławy Wiślane and the Iława Lake District, on the east bank of the Nogat river. For at least seven decades, with its military, economic, trade, political and administrative functions, it was the most important culture-generating East Pomerania-related centre situated to the east of the lower Vistula river. Undoubtedly the stronghold in Węgry had a central function within Pomeranian territories situated to the east of the lower Vistula river. The paper discusses new research on the issue of the making of the Pomeranian-Prussian borderland, and especially on the significance of the settlement complex in Węgry and its role in the cultural development of the area in the 11<sup>th</sup>–12<sup>th </sup>centuries.</p> Sławomir Wadyl ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=67489&from=publication 2018-12-16 2018-12-16 70 203 225 10.23858/SA70.2018.010 Fortifications in landscape. Preferences in location of the Early Bronze Age settlement in Bruszczewo. http://iaepan.vot.pl/czasopisma/index.php/sprawozdaniaarcheologiczne/article/view/197 <p>Since the dawn of mankind, defence against the enemy has been one of the major stimuli of culture and civilization growth. Bruszczewo is a unique example of Early Bronze settlement in Great Poland.</p> <p>The paper is intended to present the results of spatial analysis on mentioned site with respect to different elements of the landscape. It will also show the results of the viewshed analysis and interpretation the defence potential of Bruszczewo settlement. For this purpose were reached DTM and thematic maps. The last element presented in a paper will be the results of the analysis the spatial pattern of the fortifications founded on the site.</p> <p>Based on mentioned results will be possible to interpreted of the phenomenon of the formation of the spatial layouts to create surrounding environment. This information, will allow isolating landscape preferences that might have made Early Bronze Age communities choose specific settings for their settlement.</p> Mateusz Radosław Stróżyk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-16 2018-12-16 70 139 151 10.23858/SA70.2018.007 Useless Stones? The Potential of Lithics in Palaeodemographic Research http://iaepan.vot.pl/czasopisma/index.php/sprawozdaniaarcheologiczne/article/view/201 <p>The following paper will ask questions concerning the usefulness and potential of lithics in palaeodemographic research. Lithic material is the most common find among Stone Age sites in Central and Northern Europe. Osteological material is extremely rare, and can therefore not form the basis for demographic analysis. However, previous studies have shown that in some cases a detailed analysis of lithics can provide information concerning group size and structure, as well as territory size and mobility in prehistory. We will use case studies from Central and Northern Europe from the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods to describe this issue.</p> Michał Adamczyk Marta Chmiel-Chrzanowska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-16 2018-12-16 70 31 45 10.23858/SA70.2018.002 Historical reenactment as a new form of contemporary people's attitudes towards the past http://iaepan.vot.pl/czasopisma/index.php/sprawozdaniaarcheologiczne/article/view/203 <p>This paper looks at the phenomenon of historical re-enactment from the perspective of contemporaneity (postmodernity or late modernity<em> sensu</em> Bauman 1996; 2000 and Giddens 2002). The changes in the contemporary people’s attitude to the past provide a context for analysis. I propose to explore historical re-enactment using selected descriptive categories of post-modernity: (1) as an expression of the search for community and the construction of identity; (2) as an expression of the change in people‘s attitude towards the past, including, (a) the democratisation of the past; (b) a strive for personal and sensual contact with the past, (c) the commercialisation of the past; (3) as a phenomenon suspended between the search for authenticity and existence in the world of simulacra; (4) as a formula of modern education about the past; (5) as a hobby/play; (6) as a formula of the new spirituality. In the conclusions, In conclusions I argue that historical re-enactment is a characteristic element of contemporary historical culture.</p> Michał Pawleta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-16 2018-12-16 70 9 29 10.23858/SA70.2018.001 Neolithic Textile Production Artifacts at Bronocice http://iaepan.vot.pl/czasopisma/index.php/sprawozdaniaarcheologiczne/article/view/205 <p>The first evidence for fiber and textile production appeared around 5500 BC with the advent of Linear Pottery culture in southeastern Poland. By the fourth millennium BC, agricultural societies were well established and becoming increasingly sophisticated. Around 3700 BC the settlement of Bronocice began to develop economically, politically and technologically. From that time until the settlement collapsed around 2900 BC fiber and cloth production increased in scale. Unfortunately, there are few traces of textiles and no artistic representations exist of clothes worn by people living at the site. Instead, the proof lies in sheep skeletal remains, bone tools and clay artifacts.</p> Janusz Kruk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-16 2018-12-16 70 87 118 10.23858/SA70.2018.005